Portugal Demographics
Total: 4.72 deaths/1,000 live births
Country comparison to the world: 191
Male: 5.17 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 4.23 deaths/1,000 live births

Total population: 78.38 years
Country comparison to the world: 48
Male: 75.12 years
Female: 81.86 years

Total population: 93.3%
Male: 95.5%
Female: 91.3%

    The population of Portugal has been relatively homogeneous for most of its history. A single religion (Catholicism) and a single language have contributed to this national unity, namely after the expulsion of the Moors, Moriscos and Sephardi Jews.

    Portugal was one of the last western European nations to give up its colonies and overseas territories, turning over the administration of Macau to China in 1999.Since the 1990s, along with a boom in construction, several new waves of Ukrainian, Brazilian, people from the former Portuguese colonies in Africa and other Africans have settled in the country. Those communities currently make up the largest groups of immigrants in Portugal. Romanians, Moldovans and Chinese have also chosen Portugal as destination. A number of EU citizens mostly from the United Kingdom, but also from Nordic countries, are permanent residents of the country, with the British community being mostly composed of retired pensioners and choosing to live in the Algarve and Madeira. Portugal's Romani population, estimated at about 40000, offers another element of ethnic diversity. Most Romanians live apart, and primarily in the south. They can often be found at rural markets selling clothing and handicrafts

0-14 years: 16.3% (male 912,147/female 834,941)
15-64 years: 66.1% (male 3,525,717/female 3,554,513)
65 years and over: 17.6% (male 772,413/female 1,108,193)

Total: 39.7 years
Male: 37.6 years
Female: 41.9 years

At birth: 1.067 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.09 male(s)/female

    Portuguese is spoken not only in Portugal, Madeira and the Azores but also in the former colonies in Africa and Asia. It is the official language of Brazil. The language is closely related to Spanish. The largest percentage of the population is Roman Catholic. There are small numbers of Protestants, Jews and Muslims. As in neighboring Spain, Jews and Muslims were expelled after the conquest of the Moors.